ABIEZER


ABIEZER
ABIEZER (Heb.אֲבִיעֶזֶר; "my Father (God) is help," or "my Father (God) is hero"; variant Iezer, Heb. אִיעֶזֶר, Num. 26:30). (1) A person and a tribal unit of the tribe of manasseh in three genealogical lists in the Bible and a clan in the story of gideon . Iezer and the Iezerites head the list of six eponyms and clans, all sons of gilead son of machir son of Manasseh (Num. 26:29–33). These are depicted as the "rest" of the sons of Manasseh, including Abiezer, who received ten lots west of the Jordan (Josh. 17:1–6). A different genealogy for Manasseh appears in I Chronicles 7:14–19. Abiezer is represented as a person, not a clan, and is a brother of Ish-Hod and Mahlah, who is daughter of zelophehad in other lists. All three are children of Hammolecheth, sister of Gilead, but the text is obscure and there is no certainty as to whose sister she was. The narrative account of the Book of judges attests the existence of the clan of the Abiezrites in the 12th century B.C.E. Joash, the father of Gideon, was surnamed "the Abiezrite" (Judg. 6:11) and his town was "ophrah of the Abiezrites" (Judg. 6:24, 8:32). Ophrah, a cultic center, has been located by most scholars at al-Ṭayyiba on the heights of Issachar and north of Beth-Shean. When Gideon blew the horn to gather the people, the clan of Abiezer was the first to answer the call. Evidence from another century for the settlement of the Abiezrites in another region is furnished by the Samaria Ostraca, which contain names of localities and some districts (nos. 13, 28). The districts, among them Abiezer (אבעזר), are all known from the genealogical lists of Manasseh. Two place names mentioned in several ostraca as being connected with Abiezer are the town of Elmatan at Immātīn and Tetel (?) at al-Tell, which have been identified by W.F. Albright . Both are south and west of Shechem. The biblical data and the epigraphic data about Abiezer have been regarded as evidence for the organic settlement of an ancient tribal unit in a group of adjoining towns. The tradition of the clan and its eponym were preserved, and the latter became the name of a district. The presence of Abiezer in two different regions may indicate a split of the clan during the process of settlement. (2) Abiezer the Anathothite (from anathoth ) was a member of "David's Mighty Men" or "the Thirty" (II Sam. 23:27; I Chron. 11:28). In I Chronicles 27:12 Abiezer the Anathothite is mentioned among the generals of the militia as being in charge of the ninth division for the ninth month. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) Aharoni, Land, 315 ff.; EM, 5 (1968), 45 ff., S.V. Menasheh; Z. Kallai, Naḥalot Shivtei Yisrael (1967), 44, 144 ff., 355 ff. (2) Y. Yadin, in: J. Liver (ed.), Historyah Ẓeva'it shel Ereẓ Yisrael… (1965), 350 ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) S. Ahituv, Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Inscriptions (1992), 173, 183. (Hanna Weiner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABIEZER — Latine pater adiutorii, sive patris adiutorium, vel pater atrii aut patris atrium; fil. Manassae. Ios. c. 17. v. 2. Unus ex fortibus David. 2. Sam. c. 23. v. 27. Alius item. Iud. c. 6. v. 34 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Abiezer Coppe — (1619 – 1672) was one of the English Ranters and a writer of prophetic religious pamphlets.He was born in Warwick on May 20, 1619, and was a pupil of Thomas Dugard at The King s School, Warwick. From there he went to All Souls College, Oxford and …   Wikipedia

  • King David's Warriors — are a group of biblical characters explicitly singled out by an appendix of the Books of Samuel. The text (2 Samuel 23:8 39) divides them into The Three, of which there are 3, and The Thirty, of which there is somewhere between 30 and 37. The… …   Wikipedia

  • David's Mighty Warriors — (also known as David s Mighty Men or the Gibborim) are a group of biblical characters explicitly singled out by an appendix of the Books of Samuel. The text (2 Samuel 23:8 39) divides them into the Three , of which there are three, and Thirty ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gideon — • One of the Greater Judges of Israel. He belonged to the tribe of Manasses, and to the family of Abiezer Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gideon     Gideon      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • OPHRAH — Sanctuaire traditionnel de la tribu de Manassé et du clan d’Abiézer situé au cœur de la montagne de Cisjordanie. D’après les traditions bibliques, Gédéon détruit l’autel et le pieu sacré du sanctuaire cananéen d’Ophrah dédié à Baal (Jug., VI, 25… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • 1619 — Year 1619 (MDCXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10 day slower Julian calendar). Events of 1619 January June * March Battle of… …   Wikipedia

  • Anathoth — the name of one of the cities given to the children of Aaron (Josh 21:13,18; 1 Chron 6:54,60), in the tribe of Benjamin (Josh. 21:18, 1 Chron. 6:60). Since the Israelites often did not change the names of the towns they found in Canaan, the name… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Ranter — The Ranters were a radical English sect in the time of the Commonwealth (mid 1600s), who were regarded as heretical by the established Church of that period. Their central idea was pantheistic, that God is essentially in every creature; this led… …   Wikipedia


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